Cities and Demography
Stockholm, the largest city in Sweden is populated by over 900,000 inhabitants, followed by Gothenburg with 493,000 and Malmö with 270,000. Stockholm has been Sweden’s capital since at least the 14th century. It is Sweden’s metropolis, the centre of the government and of the media. It has a waterfront adjacent to the Stockholm Archipelago; parts of Stockholm are preserved largely intact from older times.
Malmö has recently emerged in the eastern part of the Oresund region, tied together with Copenhagen, Denmark, through the Oresund Bridge. During the last 15 years, Malmö has put more resources into culture; it previous had a reputation as a working class city. The twisted skyscraper Turning Torso and the main crane at the Kockums shipyard are landmarks, with the first being newer. Both Malmo and Gothenburg hosted the Uefa U21 European Championships during the summer of 2009. The Eurovision Song Contest 2013 was also held in Malmö.
Uppsala was the political and religious centre of Viking era Sweden. It became the seat of the Archbishop of Sweden in 1167, with Scandinavia’s largest church building Uppsala Cathedral inaugurated in the 1440s. In 1477 Uppsala University was founded as the first university in the nordic countries, thus making Uppsala the center of education in Sweden.
Lund was part of Denmark until 1658, and had been the seat of Denmark’s archbishop. In 1666, Lund was granted Sweden’s second university, the Lund University; it is Scandinavia’s largest.
National Air Transport System
As at 2013, Sweden has 231 Airports, plying by 219 registered aircraft operated by air carriers operated by 8 registered air carriers with annual passenger traffic of 11,623,930 on registered air carriers.
Swedish Rail System and Seaports
The Swedish rail system (SJ) comprised of slower-speed trains throughout the country and faster X 2000 trains connecting the major cities. Connection by rail is possible to neighbouring Norway and Denmark; connections to Finland are by bus.
Major seaports includes Brofjorden, Goteborg, Helsingborg, Karlshamn, Lulea, Malmo, Stockholm, Trelleborg, Visby.
Tourism constitute about 2.9% of Sweden’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) estimated as 264 billion Swedish Krona. Although tourist come from world over, but Sweden is mostly visited by tourists from neighbouring Western European countries such as Denmark, Norway and Finland; as well as the United Kingdom and Germany.
Interesting tourist sites include the Vasa Museum, the Millesgarden, and the World Heritage Site Drottningholm Palace Theatre; other tourist attractions include Sweden’s art, literature, modernism and music. Sweden sandy beaches, especially Skåne, attracts a high volume of tourists during summer when the temperatures are higher.
Gothenburg, built in the 17th century, is mostly visited for its attractions and shopping opportunities.
According to the CIA World Factbook, Sweden is one of the most visited country in the world.